THE IMPORTANCE OF WOMEN IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Written by Raquel Sánchez

September 02, 2019

 

These last decades we have been able to observe in more developed countries, across Europe, Oriental Asia and North America, for the most part, a greater recognition of the female gender, that is in fact, the role that performs in society. Notwithstanding, there is still a large number of differences between men and women in diverse aspects like economic, social or even juridic. This situation currently happens in those countries with high living standards, as I said before, but both underdeveloped countries as well as developing realms, the reality is different. 

 

While the first world is dealing with patriarchy,  the second and third ones, in other words, those where there is more poverty than wealth, their social and economic development have increased thanks to the incorporation of new favourable laws to women [1]. Regardless of their poorness, religion or ethnicity.  Investing in, for example, education, proved that the female education tax influences on the evolution of a nation. Nevertheless, it only has been applied in a few places. The majority of developing countries have a high level of women who are not educated in secondary studies. Concretely, 34 million girls, of which 17 million foresee that will not go to school [2]. In addition, 516 million women are analphabet of 774 from the total (258 men).[3]

 

What does this imply? This situation entails to minus participation of girls in

developing economies, a big inconvenient, due to the fact that they can only

do no-remunerated jobs as taking care of the family or children ( 4 times more

than male) as well as housework (2 times more). [4] But not only female without

education, it's just that also those who went to school favour involving in family

affairs, because of salary gaps with 5,1 points in the percentage of difference in

comparison to the opposite gender. What leads to 812 million (who come from

developing countries) do not make a contribution to the global economy when

they could do so. [5]

In addition, those who input to their economy, labour as workforce ( 21% in the

Middle East  and North Africa, where most of them are exploited by developed

countries [4])  or lower jobs which do not allow them to have a margin of stability,

above all when emerging a crisis as occurred in the recent one that especially had

repercussions on Latin America and Caribbean affected  70% of the female

population moreover Africa 9,1% of them had to stop doing everything, turning to

desperate measures, as engage in harlotry to reach a better life through mafias,

giving inferior ranks furthermore a higher penury. [6]

 

As it is said << A woman's autonomy starts with her economic independence >> [7] given that, the more acquisitive power, the more influence and presence you get in current society.  Being this certain, female in areas from the second world plus a job, they should earn more money as well as gain representation owing to their contribution to the nation which would be of stability, not just as a reproductive function. One example would be the participation of African in farming: it has been calculated that the productivity would raise among 11% and 20 %, additionally, the worldwide one between 4% and 4,5%.  If we talk about Colombia's case in the business sector, the earnings would be among 8 and 10 per cent.[1]

 Likewise, it is demonstrated that those who only work as mothers give benefits because they invest in the home economy as well as being less risky when they have to do financial decisions.[8]  In addition, mothers take care of future generations investing in their health and nutrition just as helping their families with new changes thanks to the capacity of adaptation. [9] 

This also happens in the labour world because the female gender

has saving behaviour.[9]  On account of that, helping to the economic

sector with labour politics becoming to women would come of huge

advantages and productivity to the diverse areas like the financial, where

women in high-skilled charges would give a different perspective of the

market. 

When we touch on the socio-political atmosphere the same thing

occurs: their decisions are influenced by their conduct. We cannot

only see it in developed countries ( seven in its entirety including

some of the most wealth ) as Denmark, Norway, Germany or Iceland,

also in developing countries like Namibia, the third richer of Africa,

between others. All of them governed by women.[10] As other

developing countries, where its gross domestic product has risen like

in Myanmar, Romania or Serbia. On account of this data, it is believed, 

women have to hold these positions so as to improve living conditions

in developing countries because they could make progress on human

rights in their respective territories. Furthermore, avoid armed conflicts

as well.[11]

 

Hence, to increase women's situations in developing economies who have great potential,  they should be afforded the same opportunities as the male gender. In order to do it, more governments in developing countries have to implicate in the protection and accessibility to both genders, making equality as autonomy to their citizens. Moreover, raise awareness of future generations through education. Because of the most important role of the population, without regard, if you are a woman, a man, rich or poor, is the change of the world.



 



 

REFERENCES 

 

[1] Revenga, A. (2012, 19 of January) . Mujeres en la economía aumentan la productividad del país. Retrieved from   https://www.portafolio.co/internacional/mujeres-economia-aumentan-productividad-pais-92416

 

[2]  United Nations. (2013, October). La educación de las niñas: los

datos. Retrieved from 

 https://es.unesco.org/gem-report/sites/gem-report/files/girls-factsheet-sp2.pdf

 

[3] Semana. (2014, 9 of December). Preocupantes cifras de analfabetismo en el mundo. Retrieved from https://www.semana.com/mundo/articulo/cifras-de-analfabetismo-en-el-mundo/402561-3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[4] Elborgh-Woytek, K ; Newiak N;  Kochhar, K; Fabrizio, S; Kpodar, K; Wingender, P;  Clements, B; and Schwartz, G. (2013, 13 of October). Las mujeres, el trabajo y

la economía: Beneficios macroeconómicos de la equidad de género. Retrieved from  

http://www.igualdadenlaempresa.es/enlaces/webgrafia/docs/Las_mujeres_el_trabajo_y-FMI.pdf

 

[5] La Razón. (2013, 16 of October). Las mujeres y la economía mundial. Retrieved from (https://www.larazon.es/opinion/tribuna/las-mujeres-y-la-economia-mundial-EH3988987

 

[6] ONU Mujeres. (2015, February). Hechos y cifras: Empoderamiento económico. Retrieved from

https://www.unwomen.org/es/what-we-do/economic-empowerment/facts-and-figures 

 

[7] Gil, M. (2016). La mujer y su rol en el desarrollo de las sociedades. Retrieved from  

 https://www.agorarsc.org/la-mujer-y-su-rol-en-el-desarrollo-de-las-sociedades/#_ftn19

 

[8] El País. (2006, 8 of November).  El papel de la mujer en la economía. Retrieved from

https://cincodias.elpais.com/cincodias/2006/11/08/economia/1163102145_850215.html

 

[9] Pedrero, M. (1999). Agricultural Censuses and Gender Considerations - Concept and Methodology. Retrieved from

 http://www.fao.org/3/x2919e/x2919e04.htm

 

[10] Wikipedia (2019, 7 of October). List of current heads of state and government. Retrieved from

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_current_heads_of_state_and_government

 

[11] Flash Eurobarometer 372. (2013, February). WOMEN IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. Retrieved from

 https://ec.europa.eu/commfrontoffice/publicopinion/flash/fl_372_en.pdf 

  • https://www.instagram.com/actice_org
  • https://twitter.com/actice_org

© 2019 ACTICE | ALL RIGHTS RESERVED